OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
Hazardous spills can occur in almost any facility. It is always a good thing to train your staff on how to handle chemical and material spills even when the risk of it actually spilling is minimal. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
First Responder Awareness
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. These employees need four hours of training and they learn the basics about the chemicals in the facility and their risks. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
First Responder Operations
The employees in this level are those that are responsible for keeping spills from spreading as well as keeping away unauthorized people. This level of training requires eight hours for it to be complete. They learn hazardous materials terms and risk assessment. The employees are also taught simple ways of containing a spill as well as various types of personal protective equipments.
Training the technicians.
These employees actually enter the spill area and stop spilled material from spreading. The amount of hours required to train this staff also increases in that it is 24 hours. Their training is mainly deep as it covers toxicological and chemical hazards as well as the techniques for assessing rich. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
the fourth level of training specialist in hazardous
the training done in this level is given to the specialist in this field on how to handle hazardous materials and how to communicate this with the relevant authorities. This training takes 24 hours just like that of the technicians but it is more indepth when it comes to discussing the various types of hazardous material. They learn PPE for unique situations, how to determine what type of decontamination procedure to use and how to perform specialized containment operations.
the incident commander is the one in charge of all the incidents that occur in the organization and as a result are entitled to receive the highest level of training. Despite the fact that the amount of time required to do the training may vary from institution to institution, the minimum number of hours required is 24 hours. This is because they need to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.